What is Environment? Define the term ‘Environment’


The word ‘environment’ is derived from the French word ‘environner’, which means ‘to encircle’ or to surround.

The most suitable definition of environment is:

It is the sum total of water, air and land and the interrelationships that exist among them with human beings, other living organisms and materials.

The geographical meaning of environment is:

It is a combination of living and non-living things and their mutual interaction with each other which leads to an ecosystem. The environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on earth.

The Honourable Supreme Court has the following definition of ‘environment’:

“Environment” is a difficult word to define. Its normal meaning relates to the surroundings, but obviously, that is a concept which is relatable to whatever object it is, which is surrounded. Environment is apolycentric  and multifaceted problem affecting the human existence.


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