What is Environment? Define the term ‘Environment’

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The word ‘environment’ is derived from the French word ‘environner’, which means ‘to encircle’ or to surround.

The most suitable definition of environment is:

It is the sum total of water, air and land and the interrelationships that exist among them with human beings, other living organisms and materials.

The geographical meaning of environment is:

It is a combination of living and non-living things and their mutual interaction with each other which leads to an ecosystem. The environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on earth.

The Honourable Supreme Court has the following definition of ‘environment’:

“Environment” is a difficult word to define. Its normal meaning relates to the surroundings, but obviously, that is a concept which is relatable to whatever object it is, which is surrounded. Environment is apolycentric  and multifaceted problem affecting the human existence.

 

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